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H3N2 Virus Outbreak in India: Influenza a hits several states, check symptoms and treatment

The influenza A subtype H3N2 is causing respiratory issues for many Indians

H3N2 Virus Outbreak in India: Influenza a hits several states, check symptoms and treatment
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H3N2 influenza, a subtype of the virus that causes flu and causes more hospitalisations than other variants, is thought to be responsible for the surge in cases of persistent cough, fever, and Covid-like symptoms that have been reported in recent days across the nation.

The influenza A subtype H3N2 is causing respiratory issues for many Indians, according to the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR) and the Indian Medical Association (IMA).

It results in a three to five-day fever and a three to four-week-long cough.

Patients are exhibiting all H3N2 symptoms, including fever, coughing, fatigue, headaches, muscular aches, sore throats, and nasal congestion.

The IMA has advised physicians to avoid giving patients antibiotics before determining whether the ailment is bacterial because this can lead to resistance.

Antibiotics are not necessary for the majority of present cases of fever, cough, sore throat, and body aches, which are caused by influenza.

H3N2 Influenza A: Symptoms

Symptoms of H3N2 include the following-

Fever

- Chills

- Cough

- Nausea

- Vomiting

- Sore throat

- Muscle and body aches

- Diarrhoea

- Runny nose and sneezing

H3N2 Influenza A: Precautions

To prevent H3N2 influenza, it is important to take some precautionary measures like-

- Wash your hands frequently with soap and water.

- Use face masks and stay away from crowded places.

- Refrain from touching your lips and nose.

- When sneezing and coughing, properly cover your mouth and nose.

- Keep hydrated by drinking lots of water.

- Take paracetamol if you have a fever and a body ache.

Since H3N2 influenza is highly contagious and can spread from person to person rapidly through droplets thus being airborne, here are a few things you should refrain from:

- Avoid giving a handshake

- Don't spit on the streets.

- Do not self-medicate. Only after consulting a doctor should a patient use antibiotics or any other medications.

- Try not to consume food when seated next to others.

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