Department of Social Forestry of Vadodara has planted two demonstration forests in Vadodara and Chhotaudepur districts using the Japanese Miyawaki method
Department of Social Forestry, Vadodara, two model forms have been cultivated in Vadodara and Chhotaudepur districts at Bhojgam (Padra) and Puniawant (Chhotaudepur) following the Japanese method.
Out of these, in Bhoj village, an area of 30 × 10 meters, at a distance of 2×2, 31 saplings of dense forest have been planted. Informing that Miyawaki is becoming accepted in the world as an excellent model if you want to cultivate dense forest in a small space of your yard, the guide of this experiment, Deputy Forest Conservator Kartik Maharaja said, farmers can generate a source of income and make the environment greener while maintaining soil fertility.
The Miyawaki method allows more to be produced in less land. In this method, roots are planted below ground level, vegetables and medicinal vines at ground level, then plants growing up to 5 m above the ground and then trees reaching higher heights. So the farmer’s livelihood increases with regular short and long term income and production.
In the Miyawaki process, trees are planted in three layers so that the distance between the two plants remains the same. The first level produces low level seedlings like Mulberry, Nagol, Ardusi, custard apple, Karen, guava etc. Medium level seedlings like Gulmahor, Badam, Bengali Acacia etc. are planted.
High quality saplings include Pipal, Desi Acacia, Sour Tamarind, Shiras and Kotha. Medicinal plants like dodi and madhunashini and vegetable plants like pumpkin and bottlegourd re planted on the ground. Also, seedlings like asparagus, turmeric, yam, turmeric and ginger are planted underground.
The forest can be cultivated both irrigated and non-irrigated and if the plants are treated with vermi compost, the fertility of the soil is maintained. Wheat or paddy straw is spread on the land for Miyawaki forest to retain moisture. This method can at least give intensive afforestation and good income on the land.
The Miyawaki method has been developed by Japanese scientist Akira Miyawaki. Since there is very little land in Japan, he developed this method of forest cultivation which has attracted the attention of the world today. The purpose of this method is to create dense forest with less water in less land. So that the daily income of the farmer increases and different types of plants give different crops so that the farmer gets more production with less effort.
The state’s rural development department has incorporated the Miyawaki system into the NREGA panchayats to provide employment to the needy and improve the village environment. For its promotion and guidance, the Forest Department and the Social Forestry Department have taken the lead in cultivating demonstration forests in the district.
The Deputy Forest Conservator has requested the farmers along with the Panchayats of Vadodara and Chhotaudepur districts to visit this experimental Japanese forest of Bhoj and Pooniawant villages, get guidance on this method and coordinate forest cultivation in agriculture.
Miyawaki has changed the belief that a lot of land is needed to grow a forest. This method can be useful in realising the idea of my forest in my yard or on my farm.