The Flag is the non-living permanent representative of a country. The flag of a country is designed keeping in mind the people, the values, goals, and mission. The flag of a country cannot be changed often whereas few minute changes can be done. There is a very interesting story behind the Indian flag. It is given below.
- First National Flag
The first ever National Flag of India was hoisted at Kolkata (then Calcutta) during the British period in the year 1906. It had stripes of red, green and yellow in a horizontal fashion. It had a sun, moon and eight lotuses.
- Second National Flag
The Second National Flag was hoisted by Madam Cama at the Berlin Committee in the year 1907. The flag was a modification of the first national flag where the eight lotuses were replaced by 7 stars which are known as Saptarishi and one lotus. Both the first and the second national flag had words in Hindi that read VandeMataram.
- Third National Flag
The Third National Flag was the symbol of the Home Rule Movement. It was headed by Annie Besant and Lokmanya Tilak. The flag had alternate stripes of red and green in a horizontal fashion. This flag had retained the saptarishis. The top left corner of the flag had a Union Jack. The Union Jack was added as India was under the aegis of the British.
- Fourth National Flag
The Fourth National Flag had laid the foundation of today’s tricolor. When the All India Congress met at Vijayawada in the year 1921, few Andhra youth had taken this flag to Gandhi which had one stripe of red and green each. The red color indicated the Hindus of the country and the green color indicated the Muslims of the country. Gandhiji had asked them to include white color which would represent the other minority communities of India. The inclusion of the spinning wheel was also suggested.
- Fifth National Flag
The official flag was formed on July 22, 1947. The colors of the national flag remained the same but the spinning wheel was replaced by the Ashoka Chakra. This wheel indicates the justice that is provided to the people of the country irrespective of their backgrounds.
Thus, the national flag of India was developed with a sense of harmony and nationalism. The flag is revered and should not be placed on the ground. The President hoists the national flag during Republic Day and Prime Minister hoists the flag during Independence Day.