Every year, February 28 is celebrated as National Science Day in India. The day marks the important advancements in the field of science, where academicians and scientists celebrate technology and science and various contributions.
This day is celebrated in honour of India’s famous physicist C.V Raman who also became the first Asian to win a Noble Award. However, it is not his birth or death anniversary! Then why February 28?
National Science Day is celebrated to mark the discovery of the Raman Effect by Indian physicist Sir C.V. Raman on February 28, 1928. The revolutionary discrovery has since then been used endlessly to channel growth and scientific advancement. The main motive to celebrate National Science Day is to make people aware of the importance of science used in our daily lives. Everyone including students, teachers, schools celebrate this day with science exhibitions, research demonstrations, speeches, quiz competitions and much more.
Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman or CV Raman was born on November 7, 1888, in Madras. He was an Indian physicist who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in the year 1930 for his groundbreaking work in the field of light scattering. He was the first person in the Asia continent to receive the Nobel Prize in the field of science.
Raman effect, also known as Raman scattering was the discovery done by C.V Raman. He found that when the light travels through any transparent material, the deflected part of light changes its wavelength and amplitude. This phenomenon was called Raman scattering which was the consequence of the Raman Effect.
In honour of this discovery and to pay tribute to the physicist, National Science Day is celebrated across the country. The Indian government has also later honoured him with India’s highest civilian award, Bharat Ratna in the year 1954.