The Union Cabinet chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Wednesday gave its approval for the Motor Vehicle Bill 2016.
As per the reports every year 5 lakh road accidents are reported in the country in which 1.5 lakh people lose their lives.The government is committed to reduce this ratio by 50%.
Total 18 Transport Ministers from different political parties participated in the meeting and have submitted three interim reports/
In the present Motor Vehicle Act, there are 223 Sections out of which the Bill aims to amend 68 sections whereas Chapters 10 has been deleted and a Chapter 11 is being replaced with new provisions to simplify third party insurance claims and settlement process.
Compensations for Hit and Run cases is increased from 25000 Rs to 2 lakhs.
In Road accident upto 10 lakhs compensation will be paid.
Driving without insurance of Vehicle will have to pay penalty upto 2000 Rs.
Driving without helmet penalty upto 2000 Rs.
Driving vehicle at high speed penalty upto 1000 Rs to 4000 Rs.
Driving in drunked condition penalty 10,000 Rs.
The Bill also proposes insertion of 28 new sections. The bill mainly focus on issues relating to improving road safety, citizens’ facilitation while dealing with the Transport Department.
Strengthening rural transport, last mile connectivity and public transport, automation and computerization and enabling online services.
The Bill propose to improve the transport scenario in the country by permitting the states to grant exemptions in stage carriage and contract carriage permits for promoting rural transport, public transport, last mile connectivity and for passenger convenience and road safety.
The Bill proposes that the state government can specify a multiplier, not less than one and not greater than ten, to be applied to each fine under this act and such modified fine.
The bill proposes that the state government can regulate the activities in a public place of pedestrians and such means of transport.
Improving delivery of services to the stakeholders using e-Governance is one of the major focuses of this Bill.
This include enabling online learning licenses, increasing validity period for driving licenses, doing away with the requirements of educational qualifications for transport licenses are some of the features.
The Bill proposes offences committed by Juveniles. The Guardian / owner shall be deemed to be guilty in cases of offences by the Juveniles and Juvenile to be tried under JJ Act. Registration of Motor Vehicle to be cancelled
To improve the registration process for new vehicles, registration at the end of the dealer is being enabled and restrictions have been imposed on temporary registration.
In the area of road safety, bill proposes to increase penalties to act as deterrent against traffic violations.
Stricter provisions are being proposed in respect of offences like juvenile driving, drunken driving, driving without licence, dangerous driving, over-speeding, overloading etc.
Stricter provisions for helmets have been introduced along with provisions for electronic detection of violations.
To help the road accident victims, Good Samaritan guidelines have been incorporated in the Bill.
The Bill also proposes to mandate the automated fitness testing for the transport vehicles with effect from 1st October 2018.
This would reduce corruption in the Transport Department while improving the road worthiness of the vehicle.
The penalties are also proposed for deliberate violation of safety/environmental regulations as well as body builders and spare part suppliers.
To bring harmony of the registration and licensing process, it is proposed to create National Register for Driving Licence and National Register for Vehicle registration through “Vahan” and “Sarathi” platforms. This will facilitate uniformity of the process across the country.
The process for testing and certification for automobiles is proposed to be regulated more effectively.
The testing agencies issuing automobile approvals have been brought under the ambit of the act.
The driving training process has been strengthened enabling faster issuance of transport licenses.
This will help in reducing the shortage of commercial drivers in the country.
To facilitate transport solutions for Divyang, the bottlenecks have been removed in respect of grant of driving licenses as well as alterations in the vehicles to make it fit for use of Divyang.
Transport Minister Nitin Gadkari has termed the Motor vehicle (Amendment) 2016 passed by cabinet as biggest reforms in the Road Safety & transport sector.
He has expressed his gratitude to the Prime Minister for his guidance and support.
He has also expressed his special appreciation for the efforts put in by group of state Transport Ministers to formulate these amendments.
He has also expressed his confidence that parliament shall take up the amendments next week and has appealed to all parties to support the bill which a step in right direction to provide safe and public friendly transport eco system.