In ancient India, during the period of Vedic from about 1500 BC to 600 BC, most education was based on Vedas and later Hindu texts and scriptures.
In ancient times there used to be a separate Gurukuls for both Girls and boys. Where Girls use to get knowledge from only women-sages called Rishikas and Brahmanvadinis, and boys use to get their education from Rishi.
In the Vedic age six types of objectives were ascribed to education, which includes Self Control, Development of character, Generation of sociability or social awareness, Integral development of personality, Propagation of purity, Preservation of knowledge and culture.
In that time Vedas were also called SHRUTI (means that had been heard), and this knowledge used to pass from one generation to the next.
In Gurukul system, there were residential in nature with the Shishya or students and the Guru or teacher living in proximity within the same house.
Vedic education included proper pronunciation and recitation of the Veda, the rules of sacrifice, grammar and derivation, composition, versification and meter, understanding of secrets of nature, reasoning including logic, the sciences and the skills necessary for an occupation.some medical knowledge existed and was taught.
In that time classes were held under the shelter of the tree, Gurukul and ashrams were generally situated on the river banks pr on the lake to attain the knowledge.
Education in that time was free, no student would have to pay anything in return of whatever they received from Gurukul or Ashrams. The Gurukul system of education supported traditional Hindu residential schooling of learning , though the education was free the students from well to do families paid “Gurudakshina”, a voluntary contribution after completion of the studies.
From the ancient India education two epics poems are formed, Mahabharata and Ramayana in which Mahabharata is a part of which may date back to the 8th century BC, human goals, attempting to explain the relationship of the individual to society and the world and working of Karma.
Other epic Ramayana is shorter, it has 24,000 verses, it is thought to compile between 400 BC and 200 AD, it explores the themes of human existence and the concept of dharma.
Earlier center of learning in India was Taxila also known as Takshasila which taught the three Vedas and eighteen accomplishments. It was an important Vedic center of learning from 6th century BC to the 5th century AD.