Birsa Munda who is also known as tribal martyr, fought hard against the transformation of the tribal agrarian system into a feudal state, which was propelled by the British.
Birsa Mundra was born on 15th November 1875 at Ulihatu,Ranchi District on Thursday and hence was named after the day of his birth according to then prevalent Munda custom.
Birsa Munda was an Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero who belonged to the Mundra tribe.
He was a person who lead an Indian tribal indigenous religious movement that rose in the tribal belt of modern-day Bihar and Jharkhand in the late 19thcentury, during British Raj.
His achievements are more remarkable for having been accomplished before the age of 25.His portrait is hanging in the Central Hall of the Indian parliament, the only tribal leader to have been so honored.
His movement “Abua raj ste jana, maharani raj tandu jana” means let the kingdom of queen be ended and our kingdom be established. Is still remembered today in tribal areas of Orissa, Madhya Pradesh, West Bengal and Bihar.
He was arrested on 3rd March 1990 in Jamkopai forest ,chakradharpur while he was sleeping along his tribal guerrilla army which was fighting against British forces.Around 460 tribal people were arrested of which one was given capital punishment,39 were awarded for transportation for life and 23 for 14 years jail.
Birsa Munda died in Ranchi Jail on 9th June 1900 from cholera.