1.     Chandra Shekhar Azad was born as Chandra Shekhar Tiwari on 23 July 1906 in Bhavra village, in the present-day Alirajpur district of Madhya Pradesh.

2.     On the insistence of her mother Jagrani Devi, Chandra Shekhar Azad went to Kashi Vidyapeeth, Banaras for studying Sanskrit.

3.     The massacre of the Jallianwala Bagh which took place in 1919 was when he decided to join the Non-Cooperation movement led by Mahatma Gandhi in 1920.

4.     After withdrawal of Gandhiji’s non-cooperation movement, Azad was attracted towards revolutionary activities. He thereafter joined the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army.

5.     When he was arrested and produced before the magistrate, he gave his name as ‘Azad’, his father’s name as ‘Swatantra’ and his residence as ‘prison’.

6.     Azad was a terror for British police. He was on their hit list and the British police badly wanted to capture him dead or alive.

7.     Because he was involved in the Kakori Conspiracy (1926), the attempt to blow up the Viceroy’s train (1926), the Assembly bomb incident, the Delhi Conspiracy, the shooting of Saunders at Lahore (1928) and the Second Lahore conspiracy.

8.     On February 27, 1931 Azad while meeting with friends at Alfred Park, Allahabad, the police surrounded the park and asked Chandrashekhar Azad to surrender. But Azad fought alone and valiantly and when foreseeing no means of escape, he shot himself in the head with his last bullet. He was reportedly betrayed by an informer.

9.     After the independence, to commemorate Chandrashekhar Azad, Alfred Park was renamed Chandrashekhar Azad Park.

LEAVE A REPLY