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    20th November : THE UNIVERSAL CHILDREN’S DAY

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    The Universal Children’s Day is celebrated on November 20 each year to promote international togetherness and awareness among children worldwide.

    UNICEF, The United Nations Children’s Fund, promotes this day and also works towards improving children’s welfare.

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    On December 14, 1954, the UN General Assembly recommended that all countries should introduce an annual event from 1956 known as Universal Children’s Day to encourage fraternity and understanding between children all over the world and promoting the welfare of children. It was recommended that individual countries should choose an appropriate date for this occasion.
    On this day many schools and other educational institutions make a special effort to inform children of their rights according to the Declaration of the Rights of the Child and the Convention on the Rights of the Child. Teachers stimulate their pupils to think about the differences between themselves and others and explain the idea of “rights”.
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    In some areas UNICEF holds events to draw particular attention to children’s rights. These may be to stimulate interest in the media around the world or to start nationwide campaigns, for instance on the importance of immunizations or breastfeeding.

    Many countries, including Canada, New Zealand and the United Kingdom, hold Universal Children’s Day events on November 20 & other countries hold events on different dates like in INDIA  UNIVERSAL CHILDREN’S DAY is celebrated on 14th Nov.on the birth anniversary of pandit JAWAHAR LAL NEHRU the First Prime Minister of independent india.

    The constitution of india give some special rights to children for their overall growth

    1) Right to be protected from any hazardous employment till the age of 14 years.(Article 24)

    2) Right to free and compulsary elementary education for all child in the 6-14 year.(Article 21 A)

    3) Right to equal opportunity and facilities to develop in a healthy mannner and in condition of freedom and dignity and guaranteed protection of childhood and youth against exploitation and against moral & material abandonment.(Article 39 f )

    4) Right to be protected from being abused and forced by economic necessity to enter ocupation unsuited to their age & strength (Article 39 e )

    5) Right to early childhood care & education to all children untill they comlete the age of 6 years (Article 45)

    Though there are lots of rights in our constitution for the protection of the children , but is it really executed in effective manner ?

     

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